My second example is The Emancipated Women is building Socialism, a Russian Revolutionary poster by Adolf Strakhov-Braslavsky done in 1926.
For this study a lot of it is based on history and in particular the Russian Revolution. In order to understand the poster I first would have to understand the context around it.
From reading both the introduction from the Tate Modern and the Sparknotes summary, I was able to understand further how the Revolution started and who were the main figures. The Tate Modern summary was extremely in depth in terms of discussing the nature of how the posters came into existence and how they were used as a form of propaganda. This linked in with further provided information about how the “ideas and illusions conveyed in these posters were far from reality” ( http://www.tate.org.uk/whats-on/tate-modern/display/russian-revolutionary-posters) This could help me link back into surrealism and Poetry and Dream. The Sparknotes information gave me an overall basis in a historical context and helped me to understand the subject I was taking on board.
Here are my notes on the Tate Modern
Here are my notes on Sparknotes
I also looked up the meaning of Emancipated so I could fully be aware of its meaning.
I also wanted to gain knowledge of Vladimir Lenin as a political leader so I searched the reliable source the BBC in order to complete this. (http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/lenin_vladimir)
This lead me to completing a similar task as before using this time An Emancipated Woman is building Socialism.
I looked at the colours used on this poster and the stance and posture of the woman. The red shows leadership and confidence and the charcoal based colours along with the background show industry. I also took into account the way she was dressed. This is very different to how the woman is dressed in Portrait of a Young Woman. However both women have a gaze and never look directly to the viewer.
From this my aim was to explore the women of this revolution and how the fitted into all the events. I found a website called The Russian Revolution and the Emancipation of Women by The International Communist League. This document was 16 pages long however it contained some crucial information in terms of how women were seen during this period. I learnt primarily about the Zhehnotdel a party set up to help women to be more emancipated in society. This led me to look at the desires that women had for their wellbeing such as maternity leave and childcare facilities. The Bolshevik’s put into play protection against domestic violence. I was also interested to learn about the Family Code’s and what they contained. In the document I learnt about the Family Code of 1918 and how it encompassed equality and freedom and the allowing of divorce.However I searched for another more in depth document to help me understand that of 1926 and how this simplified the divorce procedure and consent was not needed for divorce.Along with this cohabitation (de facto marriage) was recognised . However all of the empowerment put in the women’s hands was taken away as Stalin took power and the Family Code of 1936 was put into place this made abortion once again legal and complexed the divorce process. All of this research enabled me to encompass the lives of women during this political period.
Here is a selection of pages from the document entitled The Russian Revolution and the Emancipation of Women
Here is my document on the Family Code of 1926