Art Nouveau Research
Art Nouveau is an art movement linked to Modernism, made popular in the 1890’s until around WW1. It was a part of everyday life being not only present in architecture and interiors but also in everyday objects. Its definition is literally new art, it was a revolutionary art that’s roots span from both the industrial revolution, the Arts and Crafts movement and was strongly infuenced by Japonism artists, Hokusai and Hiroshige.
It gains speed with the Exposition Universelle in Paris. Artists such as Hector Guimard, Entrance to the Paris Subway made in 1900 are a strong example of this. This design uses curvy-elongated lines that possess a linear look something that was popular of this movement.
Shortly after it took off, Art Nouveau started to spread across the world in a phemomenon know as Globalisation. In Austria, the place in which I am looking at in more detail for this project, Art Nouveau is known as Sezssionstil. Right angle designs were popular in Austria and their pioneers the Viennan Secessionists were a fundamental part of this movement. Artists such as Gustav Klimt and Joseph Maria Olbrich were the founding members of this group. No one movement could encadre this group there was such a selection and such a wide style.However Otto Wagner who modified Art Nouveau into a more classical style, is someone who interests me for his involvement with that particular movement.
(Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustav_Klimt )
Art Nouveau has certain characteristics that make it distinguishable and unique . It is composed of intricate curvilinear patterns and asymmetrical lines. It incorporates a really organic feel that is full of floral and leaf motifs but also female silhouettes and forms, it highlights the study of natural form. This aspect took away from the urban industrial stress that was taking over in this era. The main materials were exposed iron and irregular piece of glass. Art Nouveau is all about the quality of goods, fine craftsmanship and mass production. The colour palette is made up of mainly subtle but elegant colours: green yallery, mustard, sage, olive, gold, brown. These colours are mixed with violets and purples, lilacs, peacock blue, salmon, robin’s egg blue. Another factor was also the abstract elements of Rococo style. Architecture possessed bulbous forms such as the work of Antonio Gaudi.