1. Ready Made
In an art and design context, ready made is a form of art. Just as the name suggests, ready made is using something that has already been created such as a chair or cup and altering it slightly and saying it is a piece of artwork. This form of art is simple yet can be said to have a lot of meaning behind it. The concept was created by Marcel Duchamp.
To explain this idea of Ready Made further, we can take the example of Marcel Duchamp’s Readymades and in particular his piece Fountain created in 1917, which is simply a urinal signed with the name R.Mutt .These readymade pieces are very simple but are basically just everyday objects that have been given a name which classifies them as an artistic work. This was put into a lot of speculation when Tracy Emin’s My Bed was in the Turner Prize exhibition in 1999.
This genre of artwork has been speculated throughout the art world due to the recurring question “can we call it art?” Of course everyone’s views and opinions on what is and isn’t art is forever changing however people wonder if we can call it art if the object previously had a non artistic purpose. Since this was a very new and modern type of art, it really confused people having been previously exposed to other more fine art.
The Readymades did change the art world in the way that anyone could be an artist. Although having previously been highly speculated, today it is accepted as an art practice and is continually being exhibited.
Fontaine – Marcel Duchamp 1917 (Source:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Duchamp_Fountaine.jpg)
My Bed – Tracey Emin 1999 (Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Emin-My-Bed.jpg)
This is my visual representation of Ready Made.
I loved the idea of putting a simple object on a white background. I found some bubblewrap which we consider a household object and putt it on white because it made it stand out and enhanced the simplicity of the object. The white background and the clear bubblewrap do create a kind of harmony that enhances the simplicity. I feel this represents the Ready Made art I have discovered because I took a simple object which usually isn’t considered to have an art function and have photographed it and called it a piece of art.
In an art and design context, the word aesthetic has two meanings. The first definition is “concerned with beauty or the appreciation of beauty” and the second is “a set of principles underlying the work of a particular artist or artistic movement.”
The first definition is very clear, it means if something is aesthetically pleasing, it is beautiful to look at. So if there is a piece of art that is aesthetic, it has a quality of beauty to it, it is in other words perfect.
The second definition is a bit more complicated, it means the way in which a certain movement of art has a cadre in order to be beautiful. For example a cubist aesthetic such as Le Corbusier the French architect used the idea of the golden ratio to create a “perfect” piece of architecture.
After doing some research I found out that the idea of aesthetics changes throughout the world. One of the most interesting examples of this is something I found out from my friend who is Chinese. In China, to be pale is to be beautiful, this is a strong comparison when in Western countries being tanned is considered to be beautiful in society. This proves that in every country, society does depict what is beautiful and how much or how little aesthetics it has.
In the time of the European Renaissance, artist and architects used something called the Golden Ratio to create their work. This Golden Ratio was made up of the perfect dimensions that would in turn create a “perfect” piece: something that is aesthetically pleasing. This is for example shown in the creation of both The School of Athens by Raphael and in Donato Bramante’s architectural work in the St Peter’s Basilica which were actually both based on this idea of a golden ratio, in theory they are both “beautiful”.
The School of Athens – Raphael (1509-1511) (Source: http://smarthistory.khanacademy.org/school-of-athens.html )
St Peter’s Basilica – designed partly by Barmante (1626) (Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Saint_Peter’s_Basilica.JPG )
This is how I visually picture something Aesthetic.
This picture is of a rose coming into bloom. It is something we do associate often with beauty and love, it does evoke a lot of emotions which does relate back to this idea of something being perfect.I chose the rose because I feel it does show aesthetics. However I think doing a real visual representation of aesthetic would be hard as everyone idea of beauty changes and also what society considers aesthetic differs to. Saying this, to me this rose is aesthetic.
In art and design, according to the free dictionary, the word narrative means “the art, technique or process of narrating.” Exploring this further I found out that this simply means art that tells a story.
Immediately this definition makes me think of an illustrated novel such as a children’s book or a marvel comic. However we could relate this definition to a television show or a film and not just one in cartoon but also one with actors as that too is a form of narrative art in itself.
Narrative art has been around for a really long time, we can see by looking back at the Ancient Egyptians and Neanderthals; that a main form of communication was narrative art. It is also a way of telling stories, for example, the Ancient Greeks used to draw images on pottery or do murals in order to tell a myth or legend. In a way this storytelling of the Ancient Greeks and Egyptians lives on even today, in the artefacts that we have collected through the years, it enables us to still tell stories that the Greeks and Egyptians told and believed in the past.
Today, narrative art is mainly present in illustrative stories not only for children but aimed at a wide audience, just as the Greeks and Egyptians. The power to portray a story through art hasn’t changed, we have even found new ways to do it today such as film art and televised media. We can tell a story in just about any kind of art, and any kind of art is able to tell us a story even if it is unintentional.The narrating process doesn’t necessarily have to be a book or a long set of images, one image can tell a story too. It is possible to all find a different story in one piece of art, my opinion of what the artist is trying to represent could be very different to what another person takes away from the painting.
Theseus dragging the Minotaur from the Labyrinth 440-430 BC (Source : http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Theseus_Minotaur_BM_Vase_E84.jpg)
The Cat in the Hat – Dr Seuss 1957 (Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Cat_in_the_Hat)
My visual interpretation of Narrative
To represent the idea of a narrative I chose to do a short cartoon about a ski jumping penguin. I feel that the idea of a narrative can be for all audiences and can be done in a number of ways. I thought an animal themed short cartoon was something that appealed to everyone and that also grabs the viewers attention to show how art can be narrative.